Namibia is prone to many disasters resulting from multi-hazards appearing from time to time.  The common hazards with the potential to result into disasters in Namibia include drought, flood, veld and domestic fire as well as human and animal diseases.  As a result this cause serious damage, loss of properties, weaken or destroy livelihoods of the people and often result in injuries or death.

Oshana Region is not exceptional to those disasters mentioned above.  There is increasing threat of disasters due to climate related risk aggravated by the processes of global warming and climate change.  For the past six years, the region has been affected by flood, veld fire, human and animal diseases.  Currently, the region has been affected by drought, which is severely impacted food security and living standard of the people in all eleven constituencies.

The Comprehensive Emergency Drought Relief Programme for 2015/2016 officially ended on 31 March 2015 and From June 2016 the Government started with Interim Drought Program for critically affected households of the community that may require immediate food assistance which officially ended on 30 August 2016.  The Government introduced the Comprehensive Drought Relief Program in August 2016 which is still running.

 

Table 3: Total number of people who were in dire need of food assistance in

Oshana Region per Constituency as on November 2016

No. Constituency Number of Household Number of Beneficiaries Total
      Male Female  
1. Okaku 3,139 14,204
2. Okatana 2,746 6,071 7,659 13,730
3. Okatjali 444 1,323 1,473 2,796
4. Ompundja 804 2,036 2,420 4,456
5. Ondangwa Rural 2,170 6,137 6,798 12,935
6. Ondangwa Urban 794 2,095 2,416 4,511
7. Ongwediva 2,739 6,757 8,438 15,195
8. Oshakati East 1,699 3,432 3,981 7,003
9. Oshakati West 923 2,344 2,803 5,147
10. Uukwiyuushona 1,989 5,624 6,429 12,053
11. Uuvudhiya 1,212 2,696 3051 5,747
  Total 18,659 38,515 45,468 97,777